An hour drive from the Paro international airport is the capital city of Bhutan. Thimphu city is perhaps the only capital in the world without an airport of its own and also without any traffic lights. Home to about 200,000 people, the capital is also the economic hub of the country. Despite of growing at a rapid pace, Thimphu has managed to keep its traditional values alive so any traveler exploring Thimphu will have the opportunity to experience both the ease of modern services and witness remarkable ancient architecture all together.

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Tashichoedzong (fortress)
Located at a distance of 15 minutes drive from the main town in the capital, the Tashichoedzong is one the must visit attractions in Thimphu. The 17th century fortress is one of the largest in the country. It is home to the central monk body and the district administration. Another amazing thing about the Dzong is that it is also the office of the King of Bhutan. Furthermore the architecture of the Dzong is something to marvel upon as it showcases some of the most excellent traditional artistic abilities in the country. The most popular festival, Thimphu Tshechu is also held at the massive courtyard of the Dzong.

Buddha Dordenma (Buddha point)

The colossal sitting statue of Buddha Shakyamuni at a height of 51.5 meters is probably one of the tallest statues in the world. The statue is located in the vicinity of Kuenselphodrang Nature Park, at the distance of 20 minutes drive from the main town. The erection o f the statue fulfills the Prophecy of a great religious treasurer Terton Pema Lingpa dating back to 8 A.D. The statue was built to spread an aura of peace and prosperity in the world. The gigantic statue was built over a period of 8 years and is divided into three storeys. The entire statues is made of bronze and gilded on gold. The prominent attraction is visible from almost everywhere in the city. 


Memorial Chorten

Located on Doebum Lam, the memorial Chorten was built in 1974 in honor of the third king of Bhutan, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, and is a well-known attraction in the city located at a walking distance from the main town. The Tibetan style white-washed Stupa has one of the most beautiful Mandalas painted on its walls and ceilings. The circular stairs that go from inside the stupa takes the visitors to the second and third floor which leads to an open balcony with amazing view of Thimphu city.

Capital City

Thimphu, the capital city of Bhutan, is located within Thimphu Dzongkhag. It serves as the political, economic, and cultural center of the country. Thimphu is home to important government institutions, including the royal palace, the National Assembly, and various ministries. The city blends modern development with Bhutanese traditions and preserves the country’s unique identity.


Thimphu Dzongkhag covers an area of approximately 1,819 square kilometers. The district is situated in a valley surrounded by mountains, with the Thimphu River (also known as the Wang Chhu) flowing through it. The altitude of Thimphu ranges from 2,248 meters (7,375 feet) to 2,648 meters (8,688 feet).

Landmarks and Attractions

Thimphu offers several landmarks and attractions for visitors. The Tashichho Dzong, a magnificent fortress, houses the throne room and the offices of the King of Bhutan and the government. The Memorial Chorten, built in honor of the third king of Bhutan, is a popular religious site. The Buddha Dordenma, a gigantic statue of Buddha, offers panoramic views of Thimphu. The National Library, Textile Museum, and Folk Heritage Museum are also worth exploring.


Thimphu hosts several cultural festivals and events throughout the year. The Thimphu Tshechu, one of the largest festivals in Bhutan, is celebrated with masked dances, religious rituals, and performances. Other events include the Royal Bhutan Flower Exhibition, showcasing the country’s rich flora, and the Thimphu Drubchen, featuring traditional dances and rituals.


Thimphu is the economic hub of Bhutan. In addition to government services, the city has a growing private sector, including banking, tourism, and hospitality industries. Agriculture and livestock farming are also prevalent in the surrounding rural areas.

Markets and Shopping

Thimphu boasts vibrant markets and shopping areas. The Centenary Farmers’ Market is a bustling place where locals sell fresh produce, traditional handicrafts, and household items. The Norzin Lam Street is lined with shops and boutiques offering Bhutanese artifacts, textiles, and souvenirs. The weekend market is another popular spot to experience the local culture and buy local products.